In the early 16th century, people were exposed in an encouraging period in European history called the Renaissance. It was an age of enlightenment, the questioning of religion, architecture, new technology and science and in art. The Renaissance was a great help to poor families around Europe, in which a new invention of the printing press helped their children become literate and have a bright education. One example was a guy named William Shakespeare

William Shakespeare was born in Stratford-Upon-Avon his real birth-date is not officially known but most people traditionally celebrate it on the 23rd of April. He was the third child of eight children and the eldest surviving son. He was the son of John Shakespeare an alderman (a member of a local government) of his hometown of Stratford-Upon-Avon and his mother was Mary Arden, a daughter of a rich farmer.

Shakespeare attended King Edward VI Grammar School, a tuition free school at that time pretty close from his home. No records of his attendance was unknown but sources says he was a bright student and that was where he got his love of drama and playwriting from English, Latin and Greek. He unfortunately did not attend a University since his family were suffering from serious financial debt.

He married a woman named Anne Hathaway when he was 18, which was controversial in his time since Anne was 8 years older than him at the time. They had a happy marriage with 3 children.

In 1594 Shakespeare became a shareholder in the Lord Chamberlain’s Men, one of the most popular acting companies in London. He began as an actor in the company in which he acted in over 20 plays, many people disliked him in his plays. Even though he was discouraged by this he began a new career, in his vernacular literature, he began to write plays in 1590, his first play was Henry VI Part II. This play was a huge success throughout England. He even set up his own play stage in London called the Globe Theatre

Shakespeare wrote in the vernacular language in his country of England. During the Renaissance writing the vernacular language was become a big trend around Europe. Shakespeare was one of them, thanks to that he entered one of his most prolific periods around 1595. writing Richard the III, Romeo and Juliet, A Midsummer’s Night Dream, Merchant of Venice and Othello.

Shakespeare also wrote sonnets (a 14 line poem) he wrote all together 154 sonnets in the space of his 30 years of his acting and writing career. Shakespeare met his demise in 1616 in his birthday (23rd of April) when he was drinking with a couple of friends and he unfortunately passed away in public. His death remains a mystery but some historians say that he was poisoned.

Shakespeare’s plays has left a great legacy to the English language. His plays which was written in Old English, was adapted to our Modern English language. His plays will remain a great value to English. Shakespeare also made new words which had no meaning in Old English has also been adapted to our Modern English language. He will be known in years to come as English Literature’s Greatest Writers!