A Knight would be expected to guard the Castle and support his liege lord in medieval warfare.castle

Medieval knights designed spiral stairs between floors in their castles as a defence in warfare. The stairs went clockwise going up. This made it harder for invading knights who were coming up the stairs as most were right handed. castletower

The medieval castle was where a Page lived and was expected to wait at table, care for the Lord’s clothes and assist them in dressing.
The castle was also where a squire learned his duties before entering into knighthood.
When medieval knights were defending their castles their main requirement was to defend the central tower or keep, the other buildings were expendable.

Commonly used alongside a shield. It was the standard weapon used by knights and tended to have varying designs.shield

A much bigger sword. Commonly wielded in two hands. Used by the cavalry.

A spiked-weight attached to the hilt by a chain. Also known as a ‘mace’ or ‘ball-and-chain’.
A pole that is topped by a sharpened head. It was used mainly by knights who rode on horses for their long reach.
Longer and wider than spears, it was commonly used in jousting then in actual battle.

Bow & Arrow:
Used for long-range combat. Arrows were carried in a quiver. Also used in sporting activities such as archery and hunting.

Crossbow an advanced bow:
Unlike with a bow and arrow, crossbows used a trigger system. Also used in archery and hunting.
Battle Axe:
A twin-sided axe. Used mainly in close range combat rather than on horseback.
Used for defence. Commonly used with swords, however when jousting knights would also carry shields. It tended to have the crest of whomever the knight fought for on it.

It was carried into battle to signify who you fought for. Those who carried banners to battle rarely fought. Banners, like shields, had the crest of whomever the banner man fought with.


Steps to knighthood

Most knights came from a noble or wealthy family as the equipment and horse needed to be a knight were expensive.
The page (age 7):
The first step of knighthood was being a squire. As a squire you were required to wait tables and help your lord dress. The young page would also receive an education being taught religion, manners, riding, hunting, hawking and strategic games such as backgammon and chess. banquet

A Squire (age 14):
At this stage the squire is a servant to a knight. The duties of a Squire were to learn about Chivalry, the rules of Heraldry, horsemanship and practise the use of weapons and the skills required of a Knight.

The Knight:
The final stage of becoming a knight was completed when a knight was dubbed and the words “Arise, Sir Knight” were uttered.

Fun facts
Knights were the supreme force on the battlefield but ironically they were defeated by the simple invention of the arbalest, a kind of super crossbow with an accuracy of 300 meters.

Being a knight was very expensive and as a solution knights were given a plot of land where he was a tenant to the lord with rights to rule his fiefdom as he saw fit.

Chivalry: A knight should never traffic with traitors. He should never give evil counsel to a lady and should always treat her with respect and defend her against any danger. What’s more, he must take part in fasts, attend daily Mass and make offerings to the Church.

A knight’s training was an arduous process that began at the age of seven and lasted for 14 years.

Fighting on piggyback introduced the young knights to the balance and skills required in mounted combat.

The horses that were commonly used by knights were called Destroyers.

While jousting knights could make contact at 60mph.

A disgraced Knight had his spurs hacked off and his shield was hung upside down as a sign of dishonor

Dubbing was a blow struck with the flat of the hand or the side of the sword and was regarded as an essential act of the knighting ceremony

In tournaments the loser would give his armour and horse over to the winner